Medicinal plants of Kyrgyzstan
Open the reference medicinal plants. St. John’s wort, mint, thyme, Valerian, motherwort, hawthorn, dog-rose, mother-and-stepmother, oregano, plantain, juniper, birch, cornflower, chamomile. All of this list of generous presents in Kyrgyzstan.
The vegetation of the forest-meadow-steppe zone is a real “green pharmacy”. Here you can find Valerian root, equal to the best Thuringian varieties. Strong calming effect, in eight-ten times superior effect of Valerian, Jacob’s ladder has blue— herbaceous plant with upright stems and small bright-blue fragrant flowers with campanulate Corolla. Mother-and-stepmother gets sometimes to the subalpine zone. Decoctions of it are known, it is used for diseases of the lungs and bronchi. Marshmallow, sage, St. John’s wort, rhubarb, series, medicinal thyme is to find them on the slopes and in the canyons is not difficult.
Among medicinal herbs is part of termopsis — low, up to five centimetres, the plant with a creeping rhizome and large yellow flowers. Its decoctions are used for intestinal diseases. However, not in a hurry to end it. Termopsis often causes an allergic reaction, which is accompanied by itching skin, swelling and rash.
Special mention should be said about the Issyk-Kul root, stands out for its bright purple flower. At the root of this plant contains the most virulent poison Aconite is deadly even in the most malindzak. Enough to hold it in a sweaty hand and may be poisonous. The poison of the Issyk-Kul root in very small amounts are used for the preparation of certain medications.
One plant deserves special attention because it occurs only in Kyrgyzstan— Larkspur entangled. Increase it up to one meter, has dark purple flowers and then small berries. Grows at altitudes up to 3300 meters above sea level. Decoction of Larkspur used in disorders of the intestine, to improve the tone of the movement muscles.
And, of course, everywhere in Lugo-the forest area is growing well-known mint. Its leaves and flowers contain oil, which is widely used in the confectionery industry and in medicine. Mistress add it to tea, when cooking, put in pickle. In folk medicine, spearmint is widely used as a choleretic and analgesic, as well as to expand vessels of heart and brain. A lot of peppermint oil is also found in oregano (ziziphora), which is used in medicine and perfumery.
An experienced traveler, going in summer to the mountains of the Republic, maybe not much to fill a backpack edibles: many have prepared for it by nature itself. Naprimer, several types of “kilechek”, wild onion and garlic. Or, for example, thirty species of beautiful desert-candle colors — from pale pink to purple, the leaves which, containing a lot of vitamins, can be used in foods like cabbage. (By the way, from the roots eremurusa get a substance that allows to produce ice cream, not melting even in the sun.) Many fungi that are found in various zones — from semi-deserts to forests. Here it should once again be noted that, collecting mushrooms, no need to cut them or pull. You must extract them from the soil, gently twisting, in this case, you do not damage the mycelium and leave the stump, after which it may get infected. Do not touch the rotten and overripe mushrooms: if left in place, they scatter spores, which will then give a new crop.
At the end of June — beginning of July on grassy slopes and forest edges ripen strawberries. If you collect it in the morning, when the dew will fall, or late in the day until dew, the longer it will continue. A little later start to ripen the berries of honeysuckle, black currant, barberry, raspberry, sea buckthorn, cotoneaster, rose hips. In the ravines along the banks of rivers and streams blackberries, delicious by itself, but also helps with gastro-intestinal diseases.
Sea buckthorn is perhaps nowhere else in the world is not found in such quantities, as in the Tien Shan. Her Golden berries, vaguely reminiscent of the taste of pineapple, obleplivajut thickly studded with sharp spikes of the branches of the Bush. The content of these vitamins, berries are second to none. One can make jam, jelly, cook the juice, but it is best to grind them with sugar, then preserved natural taste, and will not fail vitamins. From the Seabuckthorn seeds produce oil, indispensable in the treatment of burns, wounds, ulcer diseases of stomach and other diseases.
Say about the barberry, and because it cannot be attributed to the plants, widespread in other regions of the CIS. This is a very thorny branched shrub with red or purple berries with oblong bone, warming in September-October. Berries with sour pleasant taste and contain large amounts of vitamin C. They are from the most ancient times used as food and as a thirst-quenching medium and as a remedy to excite the appetite, lowering the heat, when the bowel disorder. From barberry cook jelly, jam, jam, make fruit drinks or simply dry it. Well to throw into the cauldron a handful of dried barberries in the preparation of pilaf.